Kibriya, Shahriar / Xu, Zhicheng / Zhang, Yu



Exploiting data from Ghanaian schools’ eighth grade students collected in 2011, we estimate the causal effects of school bullying on academic achievement and gender-based mitigating approaches by using propensity score matching (PSM) and doubly robust (DR) estimator approach. We find that students victimized by bullying score at least 0.22 standard deviation lower than their peers in a standardized mathematics examination. Meanwhile, we document that the effect of bullying is significantly attenuated in the presence of female teachers in the classroom. These results hold through a set of robustness checks including placebo regressions and matching quality test. We explain the results through gender difference in teaching paradigm and conclude that a feminine management approach in class is required to reduce the effect of bullying.


School bullyingacademic performancepropensity score matchingdoubly robust estimatorGhana


Kibriya S. / Xu Z. / Zhang Y. : The Negative Consequences of School Bullying on Academic Performance and Mitigation through Female Teacher Participation: Evidence from Ghana, in: Applied Economics, Vol. 49 (25) 2017, pp. 2480-2490